How to install Flask on Ubuntu 18.04

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Flask is a free, open source micro web framework for Python designed to help developers build secure, scalable, and maintainable web applications. Bottle is based on tool
and used Jinja2
as a template engine.

Unlike Django, Flask doesn’t come with an ORM, form validation, or other functionality provided by third-party libraries by default. Flask was designed with extensions in mind, which are Python packages that add functionality to a Flask application.

There are different methods of installing Flask depending on your needs. It can be installed system-wide or in a virtual Python environment with pip.

Flask packages are also found in the official Ubuntu repositories and can be used with the apt Package manager. This is the easiest way to install Flask on Ubuntu 18.04, but not as flexible as installing it in a virtual environment. In addition, the version contained in the repositories always lags behind the latest version of Flask.

The main purpose of Python virtual environments is to create an isolated environment for different Python projects. This way you can have several different Flask environments on a single computer and install a specific version of a module per project without having to worry about it affecting your other Flask installations. If you install Flask in the global environment, you can only install one version of Flask on your computer.

Install Flask on Ubuntu 18.04

The following sections provide information on installing Flask in a Python virtual environment on Ubuntu 18.04.

1. Install Python 3 and venv

Ubuntu 18.04 ships with Python 3.6 by default. You can check if Python 3 is installed on your system by typing:

python3 -V

The output should look like this:

Python 3.6.6

Starting with Python 3.6, the recommended way to create a virtual environment is to use the venv Module. To install the python3-venv Package that the venv Execute the following command:

sudo apt install python3-venv

Once the module is installed we can create a virtual environment for our Flask application.

2. Create a virtual environment

First, navigate to the directory where you want to save your Python 3 virtual environments. This can be your home directory or any other directory that your user has read and write permissions to.

Create a new directory for your Flask application and navigate into it:

mkdir my_flask_appcd my_flask_app

In the directory, run the following command to create your new virtual environment:

python3 -m venv venv

The above command creates a directory called venvwhich contains a copy of the Python binary, the Pip package manager, the standard Python library, and other supporting files. You can use any name for the virtual environment.

To use this virtual environment, you need to activate it by using the activate Script:

source venv/bin/activate

After activation, the bin directory of the virtual environment will be at the beginning of the $PATH
Variable. Your shell’s prompt will also change to show the name of the virtual environment you are currently using. In our case it is venv.

3. Install Flask

Now that the virtual environment is activated, you can install Flask with the Python package manager pip:

pip install Flask
Within the virtual environment you can use the command pip Instead of pip3 and python Instead of python3.

Verify the installation with the following command that prints the Flask version:

python -m flask --version

At the time of this writing, the latest official Flask version is 1.0.2

Flask 1.0.2
Python 3.6.6 (default, Sep 12 2018, 18:26:19)
[GCC 8.0.1 20180414 (experimental) [trunk revision 259383]]

Your Flask version may differ from the version shown here.

4. Create a minimal flask application

In this tutorial, we’ll create a simple Hello World application that only displays the text “Hello World!”

Open your text editor or Python IDE and create the following file:

~ / my_flask_app / hello.py
from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/')
def hello_world():
    return 'Hello World!'

Let’s analyze the code line by line.

  1. In the first line we import the Flask class.
  2. Next, we’ll create an instance of the Flask class.
  3. Then we use that route() Decorator to register hello_world Function for the / Route. When this route is requested, hello_world is called and the message “Hello World!” is returned to the customer.

Save file as hello.py and go back to your terminal window.

5. Testing the development server

We’ll use that flask Command to run the application, but before that we need to tell Flask how to load the application by FLASK_APP Environment variable:

export FLASK_APP=hello.pyflask run

The above command starts the integrated development server.

The output looks something like this:

 * Serving Flask app "hello.py"
 * Environment: production
   WARNING: Do not use the development server in a production environment.
   Use a production WSGI server instead.
 * Debug mode: off
 * Running on https://127.0.0.1:5000/ (Press CTRL+C to quit)
If you have Flask installed on a virtual machine and you want to access the Flask development server, you can attach the server to make it publicly available --host=0.0.0.0 to the flask run Command.

Open minded https://127.0.0.1:5000 in your web browser and you will be presented with the “Hello World!” Message.

How to stop the development server type CTRL-C in your terminal.

6. Deactivate the virtual environment

When you’re done with your work, turn off the environment by pressing deactivate and you go back to your normal shell.

deactivate

diploma

You learned how to create a Python virtual environment and install Flask on your Ubuntu 18.04 computer. To create additional Flask development environments, repeat the steps outlined in this tutorial.

If you are new to Flask, check out the Bottle documentation
Page and learn how to develop your first Flask app.

Feel free to leave a comment below.