How to install and configure Nextcloud with Apache on Ubuntu 18.04

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Nextcloud
is an open source, self-hosted file sharing and collaboration platform similar to Dropbox. It comes with a media player, calendar and contact management.

Nextcloud can be expanded via apps and offers desktop and mobile clients for all major platforms.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configure Nextcloud with Apache on an Ubuntu 18.04 machine.

requirements

Before starting the tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo permissions.

Step 1: create the MySQL database

NextCloud can use SQLite, PostgreSQL or MySQL databases to store all of its data. In this tutorial we will use MySQL as the database of choice.

If you don’t have MySQL or MariaDB installed on your Ubuntu server, you can install one of the following instructions:

  • Install MySQL on Ubuntu 18.04
  • Install MariaDB on Ubuntu 18.04

To create a database and user, first log into the MySQL shell by entering the following command:

sudo mysql

Run the following SQL statements to create a database named. to create nextcloud, User name nextclouduser and to grant the user all necessary authorizations:

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci;GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'change-with-strong-password';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;EXIT;

Step 2: Install PHP and Apache

Nextcloud is a PHP application. PHP 7.2, the standard PHP version in Ubuntu 18.04, is fully supported and recommended for Nextcloud.

Run the following command to install Apache, PHP, and any required PHP extensions and:

sudo apt install apache2 php7.2 php7.2-gd php7.2-json php7.2-mysql php7.2-curl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-intl php7.2-imagick php7.2-xml php7.2-zip libapache2-mod-php7.2

Step 3: Configure the firewall

Assuming you use UFW
To manage your firewall you need to use HTTP (80) and HTTPS (443) Ports. You can do this by enabling the “Apache Full” profile, which contains rules for both ports:

sudo ufw allow 'Apache Full'

Step 4: Download Nextcloud

At the time of this writing, the latest stable release of Nextcloud is version 15.0.0. Before proceeding to the next step, visit the Nextcloud download page
and check if a new version of Nextcloud is available.

First, download the latest version of Nextcloud using the following wget command:

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip -P /tmp

As soon as the download is complete, unzip the archive to the / var / www directory:

sudo unzip /tmp/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip  -d /var/www

Set the correct owner so that the Apache web server has full access to Nextcloud’s files and directories.

sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/nextcloud

Step 5: configure Apache

Open your text editor and create the following Apache configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/nextcloud.conf
/etc/apache2/conf-available/nextcloud.conf
Alias /nextcloud "/var/www/nextcloud/"

<Directory /var/www/nextcloud/>
  Options +FollowSymlinks
  AllowOverride All

 <IfModule mod_dav.c>
  Dav off
 </IfModule>

 SetEnv HOME /var/www/nextcloud
 SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/nextcloud

</Directory>

Activate the newly added configuration and all required Apache modules with:

sudo a2enconf nextcloudsudo a2enmod rewritesudo a2enmod headerssudo a2enmod envsudo a2enmod dirsudo a2enmod mime

Activate the changes by restarting the Apache service:

sudo systemctl reload apache2

Step 6: Install Nextcloud

After Nextcloud has been downloaded and all required services have been configured, open your browser and start the Nextcloud installation by going to the domain name or IP address of your server followed by /nextcloud :

https://domain_name_or_ip_address/nextcloud

You will be shown the Nextcloud setup page.

Enter your desired admin username and password as well as the MySQL user and database details created earlier.

click on the Finish setup Button and once the installation process is complete, you will be redirected to the Nextcloud dashboard, which is logged in as an admin user.

diploma

You learned how to install and configure Nextcloud on your Ubuntu 18.04 computer. If you have linked a domain name to your Nextcloud server, you can follow these instructions and secure your Apache with Let’s Encrypt.

For more information on managing your Nextcloud instance, see Nextcloud documentation
Page.

If you have any questions please leave a comment below.